长毛兔先进养殖新技术

发布日期:2020-05-28 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang 访问量: 分享

目前长毛兔的兔毛产品更加倾向于往纺高支纱、做轻薄产品这个方向。一方面符合服装向轻薄化发展的潮流,另外也易于解决原兔毛产品存在的掉毛、起球、缩水三大难题,因此对细度的要求较高。长毛兔的养毛期要根据毛纺市场的需求灵活掌握。
At present, the rabbit hair products of long wool rabbit are more inclined to spinning high count yarn and making light and thin products. On the one hand, it is in line with the trend of the development of light and thin clothing. On the other hand, it is easy to solve the three problems existing in the original rabbit hair products, namely, shedding, pilling and shrinkage. Therefore, it requires high fineness. The raising period of long wool rabbit should be controlled flexibly according to the demand of wool market.
长毛兔
山东省蒙阴鑫华种兔场对不同养毛期兔毛生长速度和纤维细度进行测定,实际生产中可根据各地不同的气候特点及市场需求,适当调整养毛期,晚春至早夏季节,采用50~70天的养毛期,兔毛可达到纺织要求。
The growth speed and fiber fineness of rabbit hair in different raising periods were measured in Xinhua rabbit farm of Mengyin, Shandong Province. In actual production, according to different climatic characteristics and market demand, the raising period can be adjusted appropriately. From late spring to early summer, the raising period of 50-70 days is adopted, and the rabbit hair can meet the textile requirements.
目前在生产过程中使用的大宗饲料原料主要为玉米、饼粕类、农作物秸秆和部分工业副产品等,随着工业用玉米用量的增加和畜牧业发展对饲料原料需求的增加,养殖业面临饲料价格上涨、饲料来源紧张和饲料质量难以控制的问题,特别是粗饲料,很难满足长毛兔生产的需要,因此,必须开发非常规饲料。
At present, the bulk feed raw materials used in the production process are mainly corn, cake, crop straw and some industrial by-products. With the increase of industrial corn consumption and the increase of demand for feed raw materials in the development of animal husbandry, the breeding industry is facing the problems of rising feed price, shortage of feed sources and difficult to control feed quality, especially the coarse feed, which is difficult to meet the long haired rabbit Therefore, it is necessary to develop unconventional feed.
食用菌渣为食用菌产菇后的废料,食用菌栽培原料经微生物发酵后,部分物质被降解,可适当添加用作畜禽饲料。比如金针菇菌渣与小麦麸皮相比,粗蛋白略低,粗纤维含量接近,但菌渣为有益菌发酵产品,含有更多的菌体蛋白和非蛋白氮,更适宜兔的消化和利用,可完全替代小麦麸皮。
The residue of edible mushroom is the waste after the production of edible mushroom. After the fermentation of the raw material of edible mushroom, part of the material is degraded and can be properly added as animal feed. For example, compared with wheat bran, the crude protein of Flammulina velutipes dregs is slightly lower and the crude fiber content is similar, but the dregs are beneficial fermentation products, containing more bacterial protein and non protein nitrogen, which are more suitable for the digestion and utilization of rabbits and can completely replace wheat bran.
长毛兔剪毛方法的改进是将传统的剪毛方法加以改进,该方法剪毛速度会更快。利用这种方法,熟练剪毛工每只兔的剪毛时间可节省3~5分钟,既可提高劳动效率,又可提高兔毛的质量。
The improvement of long wool rabbit's shearing method is to improve the traditional shearing method, which will cut faster. By using this method, skilled shearers can save 3-5 minutes of shearing time for each rabbit, which can not only improve labor efficiency, but also improve the quality of rabbit hair.