长毛兔拔毛前后的管理

发布日期:2014-06-24 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:admin 访问量: 分享

采用“拔毛法”给长毛兔采毛,是一种较科学的采毛方法。拔毛可刺激兔的皮肤,改善血液循环,提高兔毛生长速度,增加粗毛含量和提高兔毛的质量。但由于部分养兔户拔毛的方法及时间掌握不好,如拔毛手法不当,采毛粗暴,造成兔皮下机械损伤,损伤皮肤和毛囊,拔毛后对兔的饲养管理又不善,因而引发许多疾病,不但影响兔的生长发育及产毛量,而且还可造成死亡。因此,长毛兔拔毛前后必须注意以下几点: 
By "plucking" to the Angora rabbit wool harvest, is a more scientific wool harvest method. Hair can stimulate rabbit skin, improve blood circulation, improve hair growth speed increased, coarse hair content and improve the quality of rabbit. But as part of rabbit family method hair pulling and poor timing, such as hair pulling hair rough way improper, mining, mechanical damage of rabbit skin, skin and hair follicle damage, hair pulling on rabbit breeding management and mismanagement, causing many diseases, not only affect the rabbit growth and yield of wool, but also can cause death. Therefore, Angora rabbit hair pulling and must pay attention to the following points:
  拔毛前应做好兔体及用具的消毒。
Disinfection hair must be done before the rabbit and appliances.
  采毛消毒后用一层干净的塑料布或报纸铺垫,拔完一只兔换一张。采毛人员的双手每采完一只兔用75%的酒精棉球彻底消毒一遍,拔完毛的兔体用75%的酒精棉球全面进行涂擦消毒。 
Wool harvest after disinfection with a layer of clear plastic cloth or newspaper bedding, after pulling a rabbit in a. Wool harvest workers hands each picking a rabbit with 75% alcohol cotton thoroughly disinfected again, unplug the rabbit hair with 75% alcohol cotton thoroughly wipe disinfection.
  在拔毛前1天,每只兔喂地塞米松片2片,可使毛囊扩张容易拔掉。
In the 1 days before each rabbit hair pulling, feed Dexamethasone Tablets 2 piece, can make the hair follicle expansion easily pulled out.
  拔毛时手法要正确,用力要适度,左手固定毛兔,右手的食指、中指和拇指捏紧被毛,小撮一小撮地拔,不可满把滥拔。
Epilation manipulation should be correct, forced to moderate, fixed rabbit left hand, right hand index finger, middle finger and thumb pinch hair, a bit small to pull, not full the indiscriminate pull.
  小子兔皮肤嫩,最好采用剪手法采毛,避免损伤皮肤。
Small rabbit skin tender, the best use of shear technique picks hair, avoid skin damage.
  种公兔配种期间,母兔在孕期间均不用拔毛法采毛,以保证正常生产性能。拔毛后要加强饲养管理,喂给易消化、营养全面的饲料,并要喂给速补14或维生素B12片。 
Male rabbit breeding period, female rabbits are not plucking wool harvest in pregnant period, in order to ensure normal production performance. After plucking, to strengthen management, give easy digest, nutrition is comprehensive feed, and the feed speed up to 14 or Vitamin B12 Tablets.
  拔毛后发生皮下炎症和水肿时,可注射抗菌素和利尿药治疗,水肿严重者可穿刺放液。对于感染毛癣病者,每只兔每天用灰黄霉素片1片拌于饲料中饲喂,连喂25天可治愈。 
Subcutaneous inflammation and edema after plucking, injectable antibiotics and diuretics, edema, serious person can tap. For the infection of Trichophyton disease, each rabbit every day with Griseofulvin Tablets 1 mix in feed feeding, feeding 25 days can be cured.
  拔毛后感染疥螨的,治疗可每千克体重用灭虫丁0.2毫升皮下注射,隔1周后再重复注射1次;也可每只兔用0.3克~0.5克阿福丁散剂拌料饲喂或灌服,1周后再喂1次,均可收到满意的疗效。
Sarcoptes scabiei infection after plucking, treatment per kilogram of body weight with ivermectine 0.2 ml subcutaneous injection every 1 weeks, after repeated injection of 1 times; also can each rabbit with 0.3 g ~0.5 g, Ding powder mixing feeding or orally, 1 weeks after the Fed 1 times, can receive a satisfactory curative effect.