蒙阴长毛兔的饲养有哪些讲究?

发布日期:2019-12-14 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:admin 访问量: 分享

蒙阴长毛兔是以本地长毛兔为基础导入法系和德系血统,培育出来的混血品种。它具有遗传性能稳定,品种优良,产毛质量好等优势。鲁南蒙阴长毛兔耐粗饲,适应能力强,在很多地区都能养殖。
Mengyin long-haired rabbit is a hybrid breed which is based on local long-haired rabbit and introduced into the legal and German lineages. It has the advantages of stable heredity, good variety and good wool quality. Mengyin long-haired rabbits in southern Shandong have strong adaptability to rough feeding and can be cultured in many areas.
在选种方面,养殖户对于种兔的选择也有一定的标准,公兔要发育好、抗病强、性欲旺。母兔要体型大,粗毛含量高,产毛量高。3月龄后公母分开饲养,防止早配。非配种期种兔给予中等营养水平,不能使其过肥或过瘦。
In terms of selection, breeders also have certain criteria for choosing rabbits. Male rabbits should be well developed, disease-resistant and sexually active. The female rabbits should be large in size, have a high content of coarse hair and have a high wool yield. After 3 months of age, male and female were raised separately to prevent early mating. The non-mating rabbits should not be overweight or thin if they are given medium nutritional level.
配种前1个月,喂足全价饲料的同时增喂胡萝卜、米糠,提高公兔性能力。毛兔配种时要剪毛。配种时把母兔捉到公兔笼内,不宜在母兔笼内进行。
During the first month of mating, carrots and rice bran were fed at the same time as full feed to improve the performance of male rabbits. Rabbits should be sheared when mating. When mating, the female rabbit should be caught in the male rabbit cage, not in the female rabbit cage.
配种时间,春秋季节宜早晨或下午4点后进行,夏季宜在夜间凉爽时进行,冬季可在中午配种。公兔每日可配种2次,隔日进行。母兔应隔月繁殖。
Breeding time, spring and autumn season should be in the morning or after 4 p.m., summer should be in the cool night, winter can be at noon. Rabbits can be bred twice a day, every other day. The female rabbit should reproduce every other month.
孕兔的饲养。孕兔以青饲料为主,适当增加精料,补充高蛋白、矿物质、维生素。临产前要注意观察母兔的动向,把临产母兔放入铺有软草的箱内,并在箱内放一碗红糖水,以防母兔因口渴而吞食仔兔。母兔哺乳期要多喂小米汤、熟豆汁,供给充足的清洁饮水,补喂精料、青绿多汁饲料。
蒙阴长毛兔
Feeding of pregnant rabbits. Pregnant rabbits were fed mainly with green fodder, and concentrates were added appropriately to supplement high protein, minerals and vitamins. Before parturition, we should pay attention to the movement of the female rabbit, put the parturient female rabbit in a box covered with soft grass, and put a bowl of brown sugar water in the box to prevent the female rabbit from swallowing the young rabbit because of thirst. During lactation, the female rabbits should feed more millet soup and cooked bean juice, provide enough clean drinking water, and supplement with concentrate and green juicy feed.
分娩后母仔分离,每日喂 3~5次。注意适量饲喂。它们以饲喂牧素草、禾荬草等青粗牧草为主,约占全部日粮的70-80%,成年兔每天需青饲料800克左右,幼兔以400-500克为宜。牧草养兔要做到少喂勤添,牧草尽可能做到多样化,在青饲料充足的情况下,要适当增加精饲料中麸皮、豆粕、玉米的比例,并注意给兔补充矿物质。
After delivery, mother and offspring were separated and fed 3 to 5 times a day. Pay attention to proper feeding. They mainly feed forage such as forage grass and grass, accounting for 70-80% of the total diet. Adult rabbits need about 800 grams of green fodder per day, while young rabbits need 400-500 grams of green fodder. In order to raise rabbits with grass, we should reduce the feeding time and increase the proportion of bran, soybean meal and Maize in concentrate feed, and pay attention to supplementing minerals to rabbits.
养殖户搞好预防是必不可少的,在过去,由于农村广大养殖户资金紧张,多是只养殖不防病,等到病了再治,往往为时已晚,造成兔子大批死亡。使许多人产生了兔子容易生病死亡的认识偏差。其实,养兔和养殖其他禽畜一样,方法易于掌握,人人都可学会。只要搞好防疫,既省钱又高效,兔子发病较少。
In the past, because of the shortage of funds of farmers in the countryside, most of them only breed animals without disease prevention. When they get sick, it is often too late to treat them, resulting in a large number of rabbit deaths. Many people have a bias in understanding that rabbits are susceptible to disease and death. In fact, like other livestock, raising rabbits is easy to master and everyone can learn. As long as the epidemic prevention is well done, it is economical and efficient, and the incidence of rabbit disease is less.