螨虫病的防治方法有哪些?

发布日期:2021-12-06 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang

又叫疥癣病,是由寄生于家兔体表的痒螨或疥螨引起的一种体外寄生虫性皮肤病,以患部皮肤剧痒、脱毛、发炎、结痂为主要特征。此病接触传播迅速,轻者导致病兔消瘦,影响生产性能,严重者造成死亡。
Also known as scabies, it is an ectoparasitic skin disease caused by itch mites or scabies on the body surface of rabbits. It is mainly characterized by severe itching, depilation, inflammation and scab of the affected skin. The disease spreads rapidly by contact. In light cases, the sick rabbits lose weight, affect the production performance, and in serious cases, cause death.
防治方法:
Prevention methods:
1、提前预防,每只兔每6个月皮下注射0.4毫升虫泰净,7天后再重复使用1次。
1. For prevention in advance, each rabbit was subcutaneously injected with 0.4 ml of chongtaijing every 6 months and reused once after 7 days.
2、仔兔螨虫寄生时,可用杀螨灵1000倍稀释液浸泡仔兔1分钟,水温保持在36℃左右,后用干毛巾擦干兔体,注意保暖,防止感冒。
2. When the baby rabbit is parasitized by mites, the baby rabbit can be soaked in the 1000 times dilution of miticide for 1 minute, the water temperature is maintained at about 36 ℃, and then wipe the rabbit body with a dry towel to keep warm and prevent cold.
3、成年病兔发病可用阿福丁(主要成分是阿维菌素),每隔10天皮下注射1次,3次为1个疗程,同时用螨必清涂擦患部,1周左右后再涂擦1次即可痊愈。
3. Adult sick rabbits can use alfodine (the main component is abamectin), subcutaneous injection once every 10 days, three times as a course of treatment, and wipe the affected part with mite Biqing. After about 1 week, it can be cured.
长毛兔
真菌性皮肤病 兔真菌性皮肤病是一类传染性极强的人畜共患接触性皮肤病。该病主要侵害兔皮毛,多发生于成年兔,1月龄左右的仔兔多在口、鼻、眼周围和腹部出现皮屑增多、结痂、脱毛、液体渗出、毛囊炎及痒感等症状,严重的引起兔营养不良、生长迟缓、饲料报酬降低等,直接影响兔毛的产量和品质,降低种兔的生产性能和仔兔成活率,给养兔业造成严重的经济损失。
Fungal dermatosis rabbit fungal dermatosis is a kind of highly infectious contact dermatosis between humans and animals. The disease mainly affects rabbit fur, mostly in adult rabbits. The young rabbits of about one month old often have symptoms such as increased dandruff, crusting, depilation, liquid exudation, folliculitis and itching in the mouth, nose, eyes and abdomen, which seriously causes malnutrition, growth retardation and reduced feed reward, and directly affects the yield and quality of rabbit hair, Reduce the production performance of breeding rabbits and the survival rate of young rabbits, and cause serious economic losses to the rabbit industry.
治疗方法:
Treatment:
1、患兔局部涂擦克霉唑水溶液或软膏,每天3次,直至痊愈。
1. The affected rabbits were smeared with clotrimazole aqueous solution or ointment three times a day until they were cured.
2、用10%水杨酸钠、6%苯甲酸或5%~10%硫酸铜溶液涂擦患部,直至痊愈。
2. Wipe the affected part with 10% sodium salicylate, 6% benzoic acid or 5% ~ 10% copper sulfate solution until it is cured.
3、涂擦皮炎碘酊,每天1次,连续使用2~3天。
3. Apply dermatitis iodine tincture once a day for 2 ~ 3 days.
4、大群预防时可提前使用皮肤康于母兔产前和仔兔断奶后分别注射1次;大群发病后也可在每公斤饲料中加入灰黄霉素400~800毫克进行治疗,连用15天,停药15天后再用药15天,可较好地控制兔真菌性皮肤病的发生。
4. For mass prevention, pikang can be used in advance and injected once before the mother rabbit and after the weaning of the baby rabbit; After the onset of a large group, 400 ~ 800 mg of griseofulvin can also be added to each kilogram of feed for treatment. It can be used for 15 days, and then used for 15 days after stopping the drug for 15 days, which can better control the occurrence of fungal skin disease in rabbits.
对于兔皮肤病的预防,应把好引种关和加强日常卫生管理。严禁引种时带入病原,对新引入的种兔进行隔离饲养,确定无皮肤病病原后再混群饲养。保持兔舍、兔笼、食具、用具的清洁卫生。对病兔接触过的笼舍、用具等用福尔马林熏蒸消毒;污物、粪便等用生石灰消毒后深埋或烧毁。饲养人员应定期做好圈舍的消毒工作。
For the prevention of rabbit skin diseases, we should control the introduction and strengthen the daily health management. It is strictly prohibited to bring in pathogens during introduction. The newly introduced breeding rabbits shall be isolated and fed in mixed groups after it is determined that there are no skin disease pathogens. Keep the rabbit house, rabbit cage, tableware and utensils clean and hygienic. The cages and utensils contacted by sick rabbits were fumigated and disinfected with formalin; Dirt and feces shall be deeply buried or burned after disinfection with quicklime. The breeders should disinfect the enclosure regularly.
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