养殖业如何选购兔饲料?

发布日期:2021-01-15 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang 分享按钮

兔子主要是用粗饲料。所谓粗饲料,是指干物质中粗纤维含量大于或等于18%,单位饲料容积大的饲料。兔用粗饲料主要包括干草或稿秆两大类。其中常见的有干青草、干苕藤、豆秸、玉米秆等。
Rabbits are mainly fed roughage. The so-called roughage, refers to the dry matter content of crude fiber is greater than or equal to 18%, the unit feed volume is large feed. Rabbit roughage mainly includes hay or straw. Among them, the common ones are dried green grass, dried vetch vine, soybean straw, corn stalk and so on.
这些粗饲料要怎样选用才好,我们可以根据处理方法和营养价值为标准来选用。就干草来说,以选用人工高温干制的营养价值较好,但若考虑饲料成本,则以自然干制的成本低;豆科干草较禾本科干草营养价值好,应优先考虑。应注意的是,人工干制的干草维生素损失较大,使用时应考虑饲料中维生素的缺乏,相应添加维生素或专用多维来满足。
How to choose these roughages? We can choose them according to the treatment method and nutritional value. As far as hay is concerned, artificial high-temperature drying has better nutritional value, but natural drying has lower cost if feed cost is considered; legume hay has better nutritional value than gramineous hay, so it should be given priority. It should be noted that the vitamin loss of artificial dried hay is large, and the lack of vitamin in feed should be considered when using, and the vitamin or special multidimensional should be added accordingly.
稿秕类中,小麦草质地粗糙、坚硬,硅含量高,叶带盲刺,有机物消化率低;大麦草质地优于小麦草,春大麦草比冬大麦草质地好;燕麦草质地软,秆滑,不带盲刺,是稿秆中好的;稻草木质素含量高,饲用价值较低。总之,此类饲料质地坚硬,粗纤维中木质素含量高,饲用价值不高,而花生藤、大豆秆等是较好的稿秆饲料。
Among the chaff species, wheatgrass has rough and hard texture, high silicon content, blind thorns in leaves and low organic matter digestibility; barley grass has better texture than wheatgrass, spring barley grass has better texture than winter barley grass; oat grass has soft texture, slippery stalk and no blind thorns, which is better in straw; rice straw has higher lignin content and lower feeding value. In a word, this kind of feed has hard texture, high lignin content in crude fiber and low feeding value, while peanut vine and soybean stalk are better straw feed.
             安哥拉兔
粗饲料中用干草喂兔较稿秕饲料好。一般干草在配合饲料中可占20%-30%,而稿秕饲料则不宜超过20%。另外,粗饲料一般宜粉碎后与精料混合使用(制成颗粒或拌湿)。优良禾本科干草可喂兔,粉碎时不宜过细,过细的粉末反而不利于家兔的正常消化和排泄,其细度以便于与其它精料混匀,家兔喜欢采食。特别值得注意的是统糠,在农村中用得很广,是一种质量较差的粗饲料,很多农户都用它与麸皮等混合来喂兔,然而统糠不适宜喂断奶兔,就是喂大兔和肥育兔,用量也不宜超过15%。
In roughage, it is better to feed rabbits with hay than with chaff. In general, hay can account for 20% - 30% of the formula feed, but the proportion of draft chaff feed should not exceed 20%. In addition, roughage should be crushed and mixed with concentrate (made into granules or mixed wet). Fine gramineous hay can be fed to rabbits. It should not be too fine when crushed. The fine powder is not conducive to the normal digestion and excretion of rabbits. The fineness is so that it can be mixed with other concentrate. Rabbits like to eat it. In particular, it is worth noting that Tong bran is widely used in rural areas. It is a kind of roughage with poor quality. Many farmers use it mixed with bran to feed rabbits. However, Tong bran is not suitable for weaning rabbits. Even for big rabbits and fattening rabbits, the dosage should not exceed 15%.
由于青饲料和粗饲料中能量和蛋白质含量较低,不能满足家兔高产的营养需要,尤其是良种兔。只喂青粗饲料会导致家兔生长发育缓慢、身体素质下降、母兔繁殖和泌乳量下降、产肉力下降等,这就需要喂精料。所谓精料是指一类体积小、粗纤维含量少、含能量或蛋白质较高的饲料,用来调整兔饲料能量和蛋白质水平以满足兔生长发育、繁殖、泌乳、育肥需要的主要饲料。麦类、谷物、玉米、豆类等籽实及其加工副产物如米糠、麦麸、油饼、豆渣等都是兔常用的精饲料。精饲料又包括能量饲料和蛋白质饲料。
Due to the low content of energy and protein in green fodder and roughage, it can not meet the high-yield nutritional needs of rabbits, especially the improved breed rabbits. Feeding only green roughage will lead to the slow growth and development of rabbits, the decline of physical fitness, the decline of reproduction and lactation of female rabbits, the decline of meat production and so on. The so-called concentrate is a kind of feed with small volume, low crude fiber content, high energy or protein content, which is used to adjust the energy and protein level of rabbit feed to meet the needs of rabbit growth, reproduction, lactation and fattening. Wheat, grain, corn, beans and their by-products such as rice bran, wheat bran, oil cake, soybean residue are commonly used as concentrate feed for rabbits. Concentrate feed includes energy feed and protein feed.
兔是一种单胃草食动物,用草可把兔子喂大,单纯的精料则会导致兔子消化不良,引起腹泻等消化道疾病甚至死亡。所以,精料必须搭配粗料制成全价配合饲料才能喂兔。从另一角度讲,精饲料虽然营养价值高,适口性好,但价格较贵。所以,为了节约成本,我们也应选用精粗饲料作合理搭配。
Rabbit is a kind of single stomach herbivore, which can be fed with grass. Pure concentrate will lead to indigestion, diarrhea and other gastrointestinal diseases, even death. Therefore, the concentrate must be combined with the roughage to make a full price formula feed in order to feed rabbits. On the other hand, although concentrate has high nutritional value and good palatability, it is expensive. Therefore, in order to save cost, we should also choose concentrate and roughage as a reasonable mix.
以上就是跟大家分享地关于兔饲料的相关内容,希望通过以上内容,能让大家对兔饲料产品有更进一步地认识和了解。
The above is to share with you the relevant content of rabbit feed, hope that through the above content, we can have a further understanding of rabbit feed products.