养兔兔舍的怎么建设?

发布日期:2020-11-21 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang 分享按钮

对于养兔子的人来说一个好的兔舍是非常重要的,因为只有让兔子在里面,可以吃好,睡好,那么毕竟它就会长的好,长的好兔子的价格自然也就上来了,因此一个好的兔舍就是成功的开始。
A good rabbit house is very important for rabbit farmers, because only rabbits can eat and sleep well in it. After all, it will grow well, and the price of long and good rabbits will come up naturally. Therefore, a good rabbit house is the beginning of success.
兔舍的类型与选择
Types and selection of rabbit houses
兔舍建筑的类型,一般有封闭式、半开放式或开放式、棚式三种。常见的兔舍建造按其屋顶的形式,分为平坡式、双坡式、平顶式、拱式、钟楼式和半钟楼式兔舍。此外,按舍内兔笼的排列方式,又分为单列、双列式和多列式兔舍。
There are three types of rabbit house buildings: closed type, semi open type, open type and shed type. According to the form of roof, the common rabbit houses can be divided into flat slope type, double slope type, flat roof type, arch type, bell tower type and half bell tower type. In addition, according to the arrangement of rabbit cages, it can be divided into single row, double row and multi row.
1、单列式兔舍单列式兔舍通风和光照较好,操作方便,舍内环境污染少,但单位造价较高,占地面积大。
1. The single row rabbit house has better ventilation and illumination, convenient operation and less environmental pollution, but the unit cost is high and the floor area is large.
2、双列式兔舍兔舍内纵向布置两列兔笼,笼门有面对面和背靠背两种。兔笼重叠3层。面对面的兔笼在兔笼后各设一条0.7米宽的粪尿清扫沟,中间设1.2~1.5米宽走道。背靠背的两列兔笼之间设一条1.0米宽的粪尿沟,两外侧设1.2米宽的过道。面对面双列式兔舍的兔笼后背可作舍笼后墙,而兔舍通风好,光照充足,夏季凉爽,冬季保暖,笼位单位成本低于单列式,是目前较理想的一种兔舍。
2. There are two rows of rabbit cages in the double row rabbit house, and the cage doors are face-to-face and back-to-back. The rabbit cage is overlapped by 3 layers. Face to face rabbit cages, a 0.7 m wide fecal and urine cleaning ditch is set behind the rabbit cages, and a 1.2-1.5 m wide corridor is set in the middle. A 1.0-meter-wide fecal ditch and a 1.2-meter-wide corridor are set between the two rows of rabbit cages back-to-back. The back of the cage can be used as the back wall of the double row rabbit house. The rabbit house has good ventilation, sufficient light, cool in summer, warm in winter, and the unit cost of cage position is lower than that of the single row type.
                安哥拉兔
3、多列式兔舍兔舍内兔笼排列有3列或4列。这种兔舍地面利用率高,保温性能好。但此种兔舍通风和透光不够理想,舍内空气污染较重,不利于种兔繁殖和疫病防治。
3. There are three or four rows of cages in the multi row rabbit house. This kind of rabbit house has high utilization rate and good heat preservation performance. However, the ventilation and light transmission of this kind of rabbit house are not ideal, and the air pollution in the house is serious, which is not conducive to the breeding and disease control of breeding rabbits.
兔舍的建造
Construction of rabbit house
兔舍墙体用砖砌成,内墙刷白色或浅色,屋顶坡度可采用人字形屋架,下缘高度不低于 2.5米,门的宽度1.2~1.5米,高度为2米,窗户按采光系数1∶10计算,可做成宽×高=1.5米×1.5米的玻璃窗,玻璃窗安置离地面70~75厘米。地面有一定的倾斜度,粪沟做成月弧形,斜度为1.0%~1.5%。
The wall of rabbit house is made of brick, and the interior wall is painted white or light color. The roof slope can adopt herringbone roof truss. The height of the lower edge is not less than 2.5 meters. The width of the door is 1.2-1.5 meters, and the height is 2 meters. The window can be made into a glass window with width × height = 1.5 meters × 1.5 meters, and the glass windows are placed 70-75 cm above the ground. The ground has a certain slope, and the dung ditch is made into a moon arc with a slope of 1.0% - 1.5%.