养殖兔子选择青粗饲料有什么要求遵守?

发布日期:2022-06-29 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang

选择青粗饲料时应注意的方法
Methods for selecting green roughage
兔子喜欢吃各种树叶和树枝。用树叶喂兔子时,建议不要用新鲜的树叶,以防因水分过多和喂食过多而引起腹泻。喂食前应晒干或晒至半干。需要控制新鲜喂养。剂量。为了不影响树的生长,也可以把刚刚被霜打的落叶收集起来,放在阴凉处晒干,保持深绿色或浅绿色供采食,不要暴晒晒太阳,防止胡萝卜素和叶绿素流失。
Rabbits like to eat all kinds of leaves and branches. When feeding rabbits with leaves, it is recommended not to use fresh leaves to prevent diarrhea due to excessive water and feeding. Dry or half dry before feeding. Fresh feeding needs to be controlled. Dose. In order not to affect the growth of the tree, you can also collect the fallen leaves that have just been frosted and dry them in a cool place. Keep dark green or light green for feeding. Do not expose yourself to the sun to prevent the loss of carotene and chlorophyll.
家兔喜欢吃花生苗、豆荚等农副产品,但使用玉米秆、大豆秆时,建议先将其粉碎,加盐调配后再喂食。兔子也喜欢吃红薯苗,但是在喂幼兔的时候,红薯苗的量不宜过多,因为红薯苗中含有大量的糖分,会在兔子的胃肠道内发酵产酸,容易导致酸中毒,造成幼兔。家兔肠壁变薄,通透性增强,容易被微生物感染。
Rabbits like to eat peanut seedlings, pods and other agricultural and sideline products, but when using corn stalks and soybean stalks, it is recommended to crush them first, add salt and mix them before feeding. Rabbits also like to eat sweet potato seedlings, but when feeding young rabbits, the amount of sweet potato seedlings should not be too much, because sweet potato seedlings contain a large amount of sugar, which will ferment and produce acid in the gastrointestinal tract of rabbits, which is easy to lead to acidosis and cause young rabbits. The intestinal wall of rabbits becomes thinner and the permeability is enhanced, and they are easy to be infected by microorganisms.
不同季节的绿色粗饲料的选择
Selection of green roughage in different seasons
夏季炎热潮湿,兔子容易腹泻。这时,建议喂一些含水量较低的“干草”,如野大豆、老牛筋、铁苋菜、扇梨花、草根草、虎耳草、野紫花苜蓿、紫云英、豆藤等。雨后的露水或带泥水的草必须在喂食前洗净晾干,以防腹泻。
In hot and humid summer, rabbits are prone to diarrhea. At this time, it is recommended to feed some "hay" with low water content, such as wild soybean, old ox tendon, iron amaranth, Fanli flower, grass root grass, Saxifraga, Wild Alfalfa, astragalus, douteng, etc. Dew after rain or grass with muddy water must be washed and dried before feeding to prevent diarrhea.
秋季是养兔的好季节,饲料充足,要充分利用大量青饲料。秋末要注意选择稗草、捏草、苦白菜、马齿苋、萝卜缨、白菜叶等较晚枯萎的饲料。
Autumn is a good season for raising rabbits. There is enough feed. We should make full use of a large amount of green feed. At the end of autumn, we should pay attention to the late withered feeds such as barnyard grass, pinch grass, bitter cabbage, purslane, radish tassel, cabbage leaves, etc.
长毛兔
冬季,如果青饲料缺乏,可以选择喂胡萝卜、青萝卜、白菜、南瓜、大麦芽、谷芽、优质青干草或青贮饲料,但要控制青贮饲料的用量。
In winter, if there is a lack of green fodder, you can choose to feed carrots, green radishes, Chinese cabbage, pumpkin, barley malt, grain sprouts, high-quality green hay or silage, but the amount of silage should be controlled.
发芽饲料可人工配制。小麦、小米等用20℃左右的温水洗净,去除浮渣、杂质、沙子。把它们拿出来后,把它们放在一个锅里,然后把它们铺在上面。厚度约2.5-5厘米,室温控制在15-20℃,及时喷热水,待芽长到6-8厘米时喂兔。发芽饲料营养丰富,是补充糖分和维生素的佳饲料。
Sprouting feed can be prepared manually. Wash wheat and millet with warm water at about 20 ℃ to remove scum, impurities and sand. Take them out, put them in a pot, and then spread them on top. The thickness is about 2.5-5cm, the room temperature is controlled at 15-20 ℃, hot water is sprayed in time, and the rabbits are fed when the buds grow to 6-8cm. The sprouting feed is rich in nutrition and is a good feed for supplementing sugar and vitamins.
不同生长期青粗饲料的选择
Selection of roughage in different growth stages
早春,饲料呈青黄色时,给成年兔喂食茅草根、柳芽、榆树籽;用枣枝芽喂长毛兔有利于兔毛的生长;给哺乳母兔多喂些苦菜、蒲公英、苦瓜、拉拉苗等,有利于泌乳。
In early spring, when the feed is blue and yellow, feed the adult rabbits with grass roots, willow buds and elm seeds; Feeding long haired rabbits with jujube sprouts was beneficial to the growth of rabbit hair; Feeding more balsam pear, dandelion, balsam pear and Lala seedlings to lactating female rabbits is beneficial to lactation.
长毛兔宜饲喂绿色多汁的大叶、肥叶、嫩叶的饲料,如野苦白菜、苦瓜、荠菜、七七白菜、车前草或白菜叶、萝卜叶、胡萝卜、红薯等,还可以加入洋葱、橙叶等,消炎、杀菌、健胃。苜蓿、沙丁鱼、糯米豆、三叶草、洋槐叶、野豌豆、洋槐叶等,都含有较多的蛋白质。幼兔喂食过多易引起腹胀腹泻,应控制喂食量。
Long haired rabbits should be fed with green and juicy feeds with large leaves, fat leaves and tender leaves, such as wild bitter cabbage, bitter gourd, shepherd's purse, 77 Chinese cabbage, plantain or cabbage leaves, radish leaves, carrots, sweet potatoes, etc. they can also be added with onions, orange leaves, etc. to diminish inflammation, sterilize and strengthen the stomach. Alfalfa, sardine, glutinous rice beans, clover, locust leaves, wild peas, locust leaves, etc. all contain more protein. Overfeeding of young rabbits is likely to cause abdominal distension and diarrhea, so the feeding amount should be controlled.
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