长毛兔饲养需要注意这些信息!

发布日期:2021-12-30 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang

1、夏不离精,冬不离青
1. Summer never leaves essence, winter never leaves green
夏季要制备和喂饲精料,补充能量和蛋白,保证夏季精料不断。冬季要种植越冬牧草、胡萝卜等越冬蔬菜或采集柏树叶、松针等,保证供给适当的青饲料,保证冬季不断青饲料。
In summer, concentrate should be prepared and fed to supplement energy and protein to ensure continuous production of concentrate in summer. In winter, we should plant overwintering grass, carrots and other overwintering vegetables or collect cypress leaves and pine needles to ensure the supply of appropriate green feed and continuous green feed in winter.
2、青饲料要多样化,粗纤维要充足
2. Green feed should be diversified and crude fiber should be sufficient
兔吃的草有很多,日常饲喂要特别注意过多饲喂单一的人工牧草,要充分保障饲料粗纤维达20%。嫩鲜草要搭配老草或干草饲喂,若蔬菜水分过重则要切碎后拌米糠、麸皮或干草粉再饲喂,要坚持人工牧草搭配野草、树叶(冬青树叶不能喂)等饲喂长毛兔,既能有效防止饲料突然变化引发的兔病,又能预防粗纤维不足引发的拉稀。
Rabbits eat a lot of grass. In daily feeding, special attention should be paid to feeding too much single artificial forage, and the crude fiber of feed should be fully guaranteed to reach 20%. Young and fresh grass should be fed with old grass or hay. If the vegetable moisture is too heavy, it should be chopped and mixed with rice bran, bran or hay powder before feeding. Long haired rabbits should be fed with Artificial Forage with wild grass and leaves (holly leaves cannot be fed), which can not only effectively prevent rabbit disease caused by sudden change of feed, but also prevent thinning caused by insufficient crude fiber.
长毛兔饲喂饲料要多样化
Long haired rabbits should be fed with diversified feeds
3、饲喂要定时定量,调整要逐步进行
3. Feeding should be regular and quantitative, and the adjustment should be carried out step by step
养兔每天喂2次,时间以养殖户早晚生产生活习惯为宜。青年兔、成年兔每天需饲料以青草1千克、精料0.1千克为宜,以夜晚喂料为主,占六成,白天为辅,占四成。哺乳仔兔喂乳以八成饱为宜。幼兔补饲可少量多餐。调整饲喂时间,调整单位以1小时为宜,适当调整,逐步达到调整目标。因季节变化需要调整饲料搭配的,要有计划地安排,逐步调减取缔的同时,逐步添加新增料,切忌突然变更饲料或饲料搭配。
长毛兔
Rabbits should be fed twice a day for the farmers' production and living habits in the morning and evening. Young rabbits and adult rabbits should feed 1kg of grass and 0.1kg of concentrate every day, mainly at night, accounting for 60%, supplemented by daytime, accounting for 40%. It is appropriate for suckling young rabbits to be 80% full. Young rabbits can be fed with a small amount of more meals. The feeding time shall be adjusted, and the adjustment unit shall be 1 hour, which shall be adjusted appropriately to gradually achieve the adjustment goal. If the feed mix needs to be adjusted due to seasonal changes, it shall be arranged in a planned way. While gradually reducing and banning, new feed shall be added gradually. It is forbidden to suddenly change the feed or feed mix.
4、抓住关键技术环节,强化分类养兔
4. Grasp the key technical links and strengthen the classified breeding of rabbits
种公兔要补充蛋白质精料,投入配种前20天饲喂鸡蛋,每只兔每天1/4个或饲喂蚕蛹粉5克。配种母兔要适当运动和进行阳光浴,增强体质,提高配怀率。怀孕母兔要适当补饲精料。哺乳母兔要根据奶水分泌多少,逐步调整精、青饲料的喂量,要注意预防乳房炎。哺乳仔兔要注意防寒保暖,仔兔30日龄前兔笼角要铺垫兔窝,过好开眼关、早期补饲关和断奶关。幼兔要及时接种疫苗,饲喂驱球虫药。青年兔要及时补充营养,成年兔要抓日常饲养管理。
Breeding male rabbits should supplement protein concentrate, feed eggs 20 days before mating, and each rabbit should feed 1 / 4 eggs a day or 5g silkworm chrysalis powder. Breeding female rabbits should exercise properly and take sunshine bath to enhance their physique and improve the pregnancy rate. Pregnant female rabbits should be properly fed with concentrate. Lactating female rabbits should gradually adjust the feeding amount of refined and green feed according to the amount of milk secretion, and pay attention to the prevention of mastitis. Suckling young rabbits should pay attention to cold prevention and warmth preservation. Before the 30 day old of young rabbits, the rabbit cage corner should be padded with a rabbit nest to pass the opening of eyes, early supplementary feeding and weaning. Young rabbits should be vaccinated in time and fed with coccidial repellent drugs. Young rabbits should supplement nutrition in time, and adult rabbits should pay attention to daily feeding and management.
5、抓住技术工作,加强四季管理
5. Grasp the key points of technical work and strengthen the management of four seasons
要随着季节变化要做好日常饲养管理。夏季防暑,可采用喷水或在兔圈周围种植藤蔓类作物遮挡烈日,同时要加强圈舍通风透气。夏秋季节牧草丰富,要注重收贮越冬饲料。晚秋早冬要抓好配种繁殖。冬季要抓好防寒保暖和补饲精料,防止饿死和冻死,确保越冬安全。春季是长毛兔繁殖的更好季节,一定要做好配种繁殖。越冬后饲料匮乏,单一采割春季生长的牧草饲喂,粗纤维严重不足,易引发拉稀病,要特别注意,可搭配适量柏树叶、松针等供给粗纤维。
We should do a good job in daily feeding and management as the seasons change. For heatstroke prevention in summer, spray water or plant vines around the rabbit pen to block the hot sun, and strengthen the ventilation of the enclosure. Forage is abundant in summer and autumn, so we should pay attention to the collection and storage of overwintering feed. We should focus on Breeding in late autumn and early winter. In winter, we should pay attention to cold prevention, warmth preservation and supplementary feeding of fine materials to prevent starvation and freezing death and ensure the safety of overwintering. Spring is the best breeding season for long haired rabbits. We must do a good job in breeding. After overwintering, there is a lack of feed. If forages grown in spring are only harvested for feeding, there is a serious shortage of crude fiber, which is easy to cause diarrhea. Special attention should be paid to supplying crude fiber with an appropriate amount of cypress leaves and pine needles.
6、抓好兔毛贮藏和营销环节,适时剪毛
6. Pay attention to the storage and marketing of rabbit hair and cut it in time
幼兔必须及时剪胎毛,剪胎毛时间以冬季60日龄、冬秋春季50日龄为宜。要及时采剪商品毛,防止兔毛缠结。剪毛期(兔毛养护期)一般以夏季65天、秋冬春季75天为宜。兔毛养护期长短根据市场需求可适当延长。剪毛忌剪二刀毛。幼兔胎毛要与青、成年兔毛分开,脏毛、黄毛与洁净毛分开保管。兔毛装贮要用塑料袋,放入卫生球,防潮防蛀。
Young rabbits must cut their fetal hair in time. The appropriate time for fetal hair cutting is 60 days in winter and 50 days in winter, autumn and spring. Timely collect and cut commodity wool to prevent rabbit hair entanglement. The shearing period (rabbit hair curing period) is generally 65 days in summer and 75 days in autumn, winter and spring. The length of rabbit hair curing period can be appropriately extended according to the market demand. It is forbidden to cut two knife hair during shearing. The fetal hair of young rabbits should be separated from green and adult rabbit hair, and the dirty hair, yellow hair and clean hair should be kept separately. The rabbit hair should be stored in plastic bags and put into sanitary balls to prevent moisture and moth.
7、保持环境卫生,定期预防消毒
7. Keep the environment clean and disinfect regularly
兔舍门前消毒池要保证常年有消毒药液。坚持定期给兔舍彻底消毒,冬季每30天消毒1次,春秋季节每15天消毒1次,夏季每10天消毒1次,控制好消毒液的浓度,可实行带兔消毒。每天要搞好兔舍卫生,及时清除残渣和粪尿。
The disinfection pool in front of the rabbit house shall be provided with disinfectant throughout the year. Adhere to the regular thorough disinfection of the rabbit house. Disinfect once every 30 days in winter, once every 15 days in spring and autumn, and once every 10 days in summer. Control the concentration of disinfectant and disinfect with rabbits. The rabbit house shall be cleaned every day, and the residue and feces and urine shall be removed in time.