引起小兔腹泻涨肚主要是饲料的事

发布日期:2022-06-20 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang

消化不良
indigestion
饲料搭配不合理,主要是粗纤维不足引起的。含粗纤维多的是草粉,草粉的功能不单单是补充营养,它主要的功能是会使兔子加速排便。饲料中草粉少兔子排便减慢,导致未被消化的饲料在肠道里存留时间过长引起发酵产气,腹泻涨肚就来啦!
Unreasonable feed mix is mainly caused by insufficient crude fiber. Grass powder contains more crude fiber. The function of grass powder is not only to supplement nutrition, but also to speed up the defecation of rabbits. There is little grass powder in the feed, and the defecation of rabbits slows down, resulting in that the undigested feed remains in the intestines for a long time, causing fermentation and gas production, and diarrhea is coming!
诊断防治要点:加大草粉用量或通过减少饲料喂量可以控制。
Key points of diagnosis and control: increase the amount of grass powder or reduce the amount of feed.
但在养兔现实中,草粉资源短缺(价格也挺高)和草粉过多引起的兔子生长负面影响挺大。特别是小兔如果营养不良,过3月龄就是再好的饲料喂它也于事无补。獭兔营养不良毛皮质量下降等等。如何才能安全的减少草粉用量呢?添加助消化的添加剂(复合酶低聚木糖等),使饲料消化吸收更彻底,减少未被消化的饲料在肠道里。添加预防球虫大肠杆菌有效药物,减少致病菌。
However, in the reality of raising rabbits, the shortage of grass powder resources (the price is also very high) and the excessive grass powder have a great negative impact on the growth of rabbits. Especially if the rabbit is malnourished, the best feed after 3 months of age will not help. Rex rabbit is malnourished and the quality of fur is reduced. How can we safely reduce the amount of grass powder? Add additives (complex enzyme xylooligosaccharides, etc.) to aid digestion, so as to make feed digestion and absorption more thorough and reduce the presence of undigested feed in the intestines. Add effective drugs to prevent coccidial E. coli and reduce pathogenic bacteria.
饲料中添加的药物无效
Invalid drugs added to feed
常期添加某种药物和现病原升级导致耐药。选用了不耐高温制粒的药物(这个原因为严重)。目前特别是小养殖户药物可选择性太小,品种单一。拿球虫药来说就我调查,90%的蒙阴长毛兔兔场选用的是地克珠利氯苯胍或磺胺氯吡嗪这三种。长期使用耐药风险太大,没有一套完整的用药方案
The frequent addition of certain drugs and the escalation of existing pathogens lead to drug resistance. The drug that is not resistant to high temperature granulation is selected (this reason is serious). At present, especially for small farmers, the drug selectivity is too small and the variety is single. Take coccidial drugs for example. According to my investigation, 90% of Mengyin long haired rabbit farms choose dikezhuli, chlorobenzene guanidine or sulfachlorpyrazine. The risk of long-term drug resistance is too high, and there is no complete drug regimen
这个问题的解决办法:增加药物品种,轮换药物,合理搭配减少耐药性(目前为止还没有无耐药性的药物)
The solution to this problem: increase the variety of drugs, rotate the drugs, reasonably mix and reduce drug resistance (so far, there is no drug without drug resistance)
蒙阴长毛兔
乱用抗生素
Indiscriminate use of antibiotics
兔子肠道里有很多有益菌帮助分解难以消化吸收的饲料,抑制有害菌。一旦使用了对有益菌有杀灭作用的药物,魏氏梭菌就会趁势而起,发生腹泻。有很多药物说明上治拉稀涨肚,但用上啦反而更严重。就是这个道理。有很多人使用过阿莫西林和氟苯尼考防病,按治疗量用药不出3天全群拉稀。大家千万要重视。
There are many beneficial bacteria in rabbit intestines to help decompose the feed that is difficult to digest and absorb, and inhibit harmful bacteria. Once the drugs that kill beneficial bacteria are used, Clostridium welchii will take advantage of the situation and cause diarrhea. There are many drugs to treat diarrhea and abdominal distention, but it is more serious when used. This is the truth. Many people have used amoxicillin and florfenicol to prevent disease. According to the treatment amount, the whole group will have diarrhea within 3 days. We must pay attention to it.
补救措施:大剂量使用微生态制剂。
Remedial measures: use large doses of microecological agents.
原料太差
Poor raw materials
再好的饲料中都存在这霉菌,蒙阴长毛兔的承受能力有一定限度,一旦超标就会发病。一般的原料用肉眼就能检测出来,有异味长毛的千万别用。购买草粉的养殖户一定要谨慎检查霉菌和土沙。添加去霉剂沸石等吸附剂也不能清除干净,同时也会把饲料中好的东西给吸附,发霉的玉米可用益生菌发酵后在使用,这个方法很有效。
No matter how good the feed is, there is this mold. The tolerance of Mengyin long haired rabbits has a certain limit. Once they exceed the standard, they will get sick. General raw materials can be detected with the naked eye. Do not use those with peculiar smell and long hair. Farmers who buy grass flour must carefully check mold and sand. The addition of adsorbents such as mold removing agent and zeolite can not clean up, but also absorb the good things in the feed. Moldy corn can be used after fermentation with probiotics. This method is very effective.
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