兔热病的治疗要注意什么?

发布日期:2022-01-17 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang

按时保养,绝不拖延里程
Maintain on time and never delay mileage
绝大多数的汽车都是5000公里保养,有些车主因为工作忙、应酬多,没时间去4S店保养,硬生生把保养拖到六七千公里才做。偶尔一两次这样做,对爱车的伤害可以不考虑,但是长期这样拖延里程保养,会严重损伤发动机,因为错过
The vast majority of cars are serviced for 5000 kilometers. Some car owners have no time to go to the 4S store for maintenance because they are busy with work and entertainment. They drag the maintenance to 6000 or 7000 kilometers. If you do this once or twice, you can ignore the damage to your car, but if you delay the mileage maintenance for a long time, you will seriously damage the engine because you miss it
一、抗菌治疗
1、 Antimicrobial therapy
1.链霉素:为适于临床各型治疗的药物,其抑菌浓度低于0.4g/L,成人1g/d,分2次肌内注射,共10~14天。治疗后24~48h,淋巴结和皮肤溃疡中即不见细菌,但局部淋巴结肿大仍需数周后消失。凡临床上疑似患者均应及早使用链霉素,这有利于防止并发症和降低病死率。
 
1. Streptomycin: it is the first choice drug suitable for clinical treatment. Its inhibitory concentration is less than 0.4g/l, 1g / D for adults. It is injected intramuscularly twice for 10 ~ 14 days. 24 ~ 48 hours after treatment, bacteria were not found in lymph nodes and skin ulcers, but local lymph node swelling still disappeared after several weeks. All clinically suspected patients should use streptomycin as soon as possible, which is helpful to prevent complications and reduce mortality.
2.庆大霉素:是适宜的替代药物,剂量为5mg/(kg·d),它有与链霉素同样的疗效。
2. Gentamicin: it is a suitable alternative drug with a dose of 5mg / (kg · d). It has the same curative effect as streptomycin.
3.四环素:亦有效,2g/d,分4次口服,连用14天。对重症可用四环素注射液,开始2~3天内剂量为30~50mg/(kg·d),以后可减少至15~20mg。亦可选用米诺环素(二甲胺四环素)等半合成四环素。
3. Tetracycline: also effective, 2G / D, oral for 4 times for 14 days. Tetracycline injection can be used for severe cases. The dose is 30 ~ 50mg / (kg · d) in the first 2 ~ 3 days, and can be reduced to 15 ~ 20mg later. Minocycline (dimethylamine tetracycline) and other semi synthetic tetracyclines can also be selected.
4.氯霉素:疗效亦好。儿童30mg/(kg·d),成人2~3g/d,口服或静脉注射滴注,连用10~14天。卡那霉素也有疗效。对重症患者也可合并应用上述药物,以防产生耐药性。本病常见复发,疗程宜稍长。
4. Chloramphenicol: the curative effect is also good. Children 30mg / (kg · d), adults 2 ~ 3G / D, oral or intravenous drip for 10 ~ 14 days. Kanamycin is also effective. The above drugs can also be combined with severe patients to prevent drug resistance. The disease often recurres, and the course of treatment should be slightly longer.
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二、一般治疗
2、 General treatment
全身支持疗法也很重要。病人应予隔离,其排泄物、分泌物、用具等进行消毒。肿大淋巴结如无脓肿形成,禁忌切开引流。饮食应有足够热量和适当蛋白质,肺炎病例宜给氧。
Systemic support therapy is also important. Patients should be isolated and their excreta, secretions and utensils should be disinfected. If there is no abscess in the enlarged lymph nodes, incision and drainage are contraindicated. The diet should have enough calories and appropriate protein, and oxygen should be given in cases of pneumonia.
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