养殖场兔笼的建设要求

发布日期:2021-12-02 来源:http://www.myxinhua.com 发布人:xinhuachang

1、建造兔笼一般应考虑造价低,经久耐用,便于操作和洗刷,符合家兔的生理要求。
1. The construction of rabbit cage should generally consider low cost, durable, easy to operate and wash, and meet the physiological requirements of rabbits.
2、兔笼的规格。 室外兔笼的规格 单位:厘米 兔的类型长 长 宽 前檐高 后檐高 中型兔笼 120 60 70~80 45 大型兔笼 150 70 70~80 45 表16 室内兔笼的规格 单位:厘米 兔的类型 宽 长 高 底 板 竹条宽 竹间宽 单 个 兔 笼 大型兔 76 76~91 46 2。5 1。0 中型兔 76 61~76 46 2。5 1。0 带 仔 母 兔 笼 大型兔 76 122 46 2。5 1。0 中型兔 76 91~122 46 2。5 1。0 3。笼门,可用竹片、细竹条、打眼铁皮、粗铁丝或铁丝网制成,安装要求既便于操作,又能防御野兽入侵。
2. Specification of rabbit cage. Specification unit of outdoor rabbit cage: cm rabbit type long and wide front eaves high and rear eaves high and medium rabbit cage 120 60 70 ~ 80 45 large rabbit cage 150 70 ~ 80 45 table 16 specification unit of indoor rabbit cage: cm rabbit type wide, long and high base plate bamboo strip width bamboo room width single rabbit cage large rabbit 76 ~ 91 46 2. 5 1。 0 medium rabbit 76 61 ~ 76 46 2. 5 1。 0 large rabbit with female rabbit cage 76 122 46 2. 5 1。 0 medium rabbit 76 91 ~ 122 46 2. 5 1。 0 3。 The cage door can be made of bamboo, thin bamboo, perforated iron sheet, thick iron wire or barbed wire mesh. The installation requirements are not only convenient for operation, but also can prevent the invasion of wild animals.
4、笼底板,更理想的是用毛竹片钉制而成。竹片要光滑,每根竹片宽2。5厘米,竹片间距为1厘米,竹片方向应与笼门垂直,可预防兔脚形成划水姿势,笼底板应装成活动的,便于定期取下消毒。
4. The bottom plate of the cage is ideally made of bamboo nails. The bamboo pieces shall be smooth, and each bamboo piece shall be 2 wide. 5cm, the spacing between bamboo pieces is 1cm, the direction of bamboo pieces should be perpendicular to the cage door to prevent rabbit feet from forming a rowing posture, and the cage bottom plate should be installed as a movable one for regular removal and disinfection.
5、承粪板,一般用水泥制成。在多层兔笼中,即为下层兔笼的笼顶。前面应突出笼外3~5厘米,伸出后壁5~10厘米,并向后壁倾斜,倾斜角度为15度左右,可使粪尿经板面直接流入粪沟,便于清扫。
长毛兔
5. Fecal bearing plate is generally made of cement. In the multi-layer rabbit cage, it is the cage top of the lower rabbit cage. The front shall protrude 3 ~ 5cm out of the cage, extend 5 ~ 10cm out of the rear wall, and tilt to the rear wall at an angle of about 15 degrees, so that feces and urine can flow directly into the fecal ditch through the plate surface for easy cleaning.
6、笼壁,兔笼内壁必须光滑,以防伤及兔的皮毛和便于除垢消毒。可用砖或水泥预制板砌成。也可用竹片、金属板或金属网板制成。如果用金属板作原料,应在其表面涂一层防锈漆。笼壁6厘米以下更好不要用金属,因兔子小便时要顶住后墙,尿顺墙而下,金属则易腐蚀生锈。
6. Cage wall and rabbit cage inner wall must be smooth to prevent injury to rabbit fur and facilitate descaling and disinfection. It can be made of brick or cement precast slab. It can also be made of bamboo, metal plate or metal mesh plate. If metal plate is used as raw material, a layer of antirust paint shall be applied on its surface. It's best not to use metal below 6cm of the cage wall, because rabbits have to stand against the back wall when urinating, and the metal is easy to corrode and rust when urinating along the wall.
7、笼底板与承粪板和层兔笼与地面之间都应有适当的空间,便于清洁、管理和通风。一般笼底板与承粪板之间的距离,前面为14~18厘米;后面为20~25厘米;层兔笼与地面之间的距离为30~35厘米。
7. Proper space shall be provided between the cage bottom plate and fecal bearing plate and between the first rabbit cage and the ground for cleaning, management and ventilation. Generally, the distance between the cage bottom plate and the dung bearing plate is 14 ~ 18 cm in front; The back is 20 ~ 25 cm; The distance between the rabbit cage on the first floor and the ground is 30 ~ 35 cm.
8。食槽、草架和饮水装置更好都安放在兔笼前壁或门上,尽量做到不开门喂草、喂食和给水,以便于操作和节省时间。
8。 The trough, grass rack and drinking water device should be placed on the front wall or door of the rabbit cage. Try not to open the door to feed grass, feed and water, so as to facilitate operation and save time.
9、各类兔笼均应以结实、牢固为原则。一则防止鼠害;二则防止雨、雪、风等侵袭,还要预防烈日曝晒。
9. All kinds of rabbit cages shall be firm and firm. One is to prevent rat damage; Second, prevent the invasion of rain, snow and wind, as well as the exposure to the hot sun.